A colposcopy is a way to get a close-up view of the cervix. It is used to detect changes in cervical and vaginal tissues such as abnormal blood vessels, color, patterns and tissue structure . A colposcope, is an instrument with a range of magnifying lens; colour filter and a light are used. The colposcope magnifies the image many times, allowing the gynaecologist to see the tissues on the cervix and vaginal walls more clearly while color filters allow the detection of tiny abnormal blood vess
Simply, early detection allows for early treatment and thus increases the chances of cure. Prevention, early diagnosis and treatment has been shown to reduce mortality due to cervical cancer and cytological screening using the Pap smear test remains the most effective strategy for the detection of precancerous state and consequent control of cervical cancer.